What is Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Elaine, a 52-year-old from Providence, RI, shares her concerns about experiencing episodes of confusion and memory loss. Learn about the potential causes and the importance of getting an early diagnosis for mild cognitive impairment.

What is Mild Cognitive Impairment?
Experiencing Forgetfulness ? 

Elaine Danan, Providence, RI writes in about concerns about having mild cognitive impairment.

Hi, I’m Elaine. I’m 52. My mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Oct 2010 at 77. And my maternal grandmother was showing symptoms and died at 88.

I have been having “episodes” that I don’t recognize in the different types of dementia listed. Could it be mild cognitive impairment?

#1 example: Today Dec 29th my son, Salem got married at the courthouse in CA. On New Year’s Day the newlyweds will fly to Germany to live where she’s from.

Next thing, I find myself writing to my brother, Dave. I am wishing him a happy Birthday Jan 29th. Telling him the news that my son was married on his birthday today. I caught myself in the incongruity. I have plans to be in China Jan 29th and know I’ll probably forget my brother’s birthday altogether.

#2 example: Yesterday was Tuesday. Thursday I have to bring a fruit salad to a meeting, so I’ll have to make it the night before. Why do I think I will make it “tomorrow”?

This seems to be the format for my episodes. Dates and times that either doesn’t correspond,. Or should in the present time.

Is there a term for this?



Mild Cognitive Impairment 10 Years Later Study

I am not a doctor, but I would suggest that you get tested for dementia. You may have a form of mild cognitive impairment.

Of course, you could be a very busy person and multitasking. You have so much on your plate that you are not focusing and concentrating on the task at hand.

There are many things that could be causing your distress. Many cognitive problems are “NOT” dementia.

Have more questions? Check out the Frequently Asked Question section of the website. You will find a lot of different questions answered directly.

You may be experiencing another medical condition. This may be affecting your thought process. A vitamin deficiency or a urinary tract infection. These are few things that may affect your mental status. Of course, if you have a family history a form of dementia and you are concerned, get an assessment. Understand that having the gene for dementia, does not mean that you will develop the disease.

The most important thing is, if dementia it is important to get an early diagnosis.

There are medications and treatments that can delay the progression of the disease.

Part of a dementia prevention program is to remain active. Doing something new and different everyday is great for the brain.

I see that you travel. That is one of the best things you can do- be physically and mentally challenging.

Seeing new places. Experiencing situations get you out of your comfort zone. This builds new connections to different parts of your brain.

I hope that you will see your healthcare provider and discuss your symptoms and concerns. The sooner the better.

It will give you peace of mind or a chance for early treatment.

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More on Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild Cognitive Impairment also called MCI is a condition which affects memory and thinking abilities. It is not normal age-related forgetfulness, but rather a mild decline in cognitive functioning that interferes with daily activities. People diagnosed with MCI are more likely to develop dementia than those without MCI, although not all people with MCI will go on to develop dementia.

Diagnosing Mild Cognitive Impairment MCI

Diagnosing MCI typically involves assessment by a qualified healthcare provider and may include getting a thorough medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scan, laboratory tests and neuropsychological testing.

Risk factors to develop MCi are age, family history of dementia, heart disease or stroke and low educational level. It is important to note that mild cognitive impairment does not always lead to dementia but having it increases the risk for developing more serious cognitive impairments later in life.

People living with mild cognitive impairment can take steps to help manage their symptoms and slow the progression of the condition. This may include lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, limiting alcohol, engaging in social activities, learning new skills and challenging one's brain with puzzles and games.

Additionally, medications and supplements may be recommended by healthcare professionals depending on an individual’s needs. With early detection and appropriate management strategies, people living with mild cognitive impairment can improve their quality of life.

Symptoms of mild cognitive impairment include :

- Memory loss that is greater than expected for an individual's age and education level

- Difficulty concentrating or focusing on tasks

- Struggling with understanding complex information

- Taking longer than usual to complete familiar tasks

- Trouble finding the right words when speaking or writing

- Disorientation in unfamiliar places

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to speak to your healthcare provider. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage mild cognitive impairment and reduce the risk of developing more serious conditions. It is also important to remember that mild cognitive impairment does not mean a person has dementia or will develop dementia in the future. With proper management, mild cognitive impairment does not have to be disabling and people can live healthy, productive lives.

Mild cognitive impairment versus Alzheimer's disease

Mild cognitive impairment is not the same as Alzheimer's disease, however it can be a precursor to Alzheimer's or other forms of dementia. While mild cognitive impairment causes difficulties with memory and thinking, those with this condition generally do not experience the severe effects of dementia such as difficulty performing everyday tasks

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Can MCI develop Dementia?

It is important to note that while mild cognitive decline may increase an individual’s risk for developing more serious conditions like dementia, it does not always mean dementia will develop in the future.

Are There Medications that Treat Mild Cognitive Impairment?

At this time there are no approved medications to treat mild cognitive impairment, however some medications may be used in an off-label manner to help manage symptoms. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as exercise and healthy eating can help to slow down the progression of the condition. It is important to speak with a healthcare provider before starting any medication or supplement regimen.

In conclusion, mild cognitive impairment is a condition which affects memory and thinking abilities. Early diagnosis and treatment are key in managing MCI and reducing the risk of developing more serious conditions. People living with mild cognitive impairment can make lifestyle changes to help manage their symptoms, as well as certain medications that may be prescribed by their healthcare provider depending on their needs.

Mild cognitive impairment does not always mean a person has dementia or will develop dementia in the future. With proper management, mild cognitive impairment does not have to be disabling and people can live healthy, productive lives.

If you need support managing mild cognitive impairment, contact us for more information about available services. We are here to help guide you on your journey towards improved wellbeing.

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