Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a progressive brain disorder that affects thinking, movement, behavior, and emotions. It is sometimes referred to as Lewy body disease or dementia with Lewy bodies. Medical professionals estimate that LBD affects more than 1.3 million people in the United States, making it the third most common type of dementia.
Someone suffering from LBD may experience a range of symptoms including changes in memory, behavior, and communication. In this guide, we will look at some of the most commonly experienced symptoms of LBD and explore ways to diagnose, treat, and support those living with the condition.
The keyword phrase for this guide is “what are the symptoms of lewy body dementia”. To accurately cover the target search terms, this guide will cover the following topics:
- Symptoms of LBD
- Effect on Day-to-Day Life
- Caregiver Support
- Coping Strategies
Introducing Lewy Body Dementia (LBD)
Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a progressive brain disorder that affects behavior, memory, thinking, and movement. It is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease.
The cause of LBD is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein in areas of the brain. These deposits are known as ""Lewy bodies"" and it is thought they may interfere with brain cells' normal functioning.
LBD often begins gradually and gets worse over time. Symptoms can vary from day to day and range from mild to severe. It is important to note that not everyone will experience the same types of symptoms.
Explaining the Target Search Terms
When we talk about the target search terms “What are the symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia”, we are referring to the set of physical, mental, and psychological signs and symptoms that are associated with this form of dementia.
Lewy body dementia is a progressive neurological disorder that affects the brain and spinal cord. It is characterized by abnormal deposits of proteins called Lewy bodies in the brain. These deposits damage the brain's neurons, resulting in changes in behavior, memory and other cognitive functions.
Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia can vary widely between different individuals and can be hard to recognize in the early stages. In this guide, we will discuss the common and less common symptoms of LBD, as well as strategies for coping with this disorder, and resources available to those living with Lewy Body Dementia.
Symptoms of LBD
Lewy body dementia can cause a variety of symptoms, and the type and severity of these can vary widely from person to person. Some of the earliest symptoms can include difficulty with movement, visual hallucinations, and memory problems. As the condition progresses, more common and less common symptoms may develop. It’s important to understand the different stages and types of symptoms in order to get the best care.
The early signs of LBD can be difficult to identify, as they may be attributed to other conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, or just age-related issues. These early symptoms include:
- Difficulty with balance and coordination
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Problems with thinking and remembering
- Mood swings
- Visual hallucinations
As Lewy body dementia progresses, people may experience more common symptoms, which affect the day-to-day life of individuals and their families. These are the symptoms most people associate with the condition, and they include:
- Memory loss
- Agitation and other behavioral problems
- Loss of interest in activities
- Difficulty with concentration and judgment
Less Common Symptoms
Some people with LBD will also experience less common symptoms. This can range from bladder and bowel control problems to hallucinations and delusions. Other less common symptoms include:
- Muscle rigidity
- Fluctuating alertness
- Slowed movement
Early Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia
Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can vary from person to person, but there are some common early warning signs. Although symptoms may come on gradually, they may become more noticeable over time. It is important to identify these early symptoms and seek medical advice as soon as possible.
The early symptoms of LBD can include:
- Cognitive decline (memory loss, difficulty concentrating, decreased ability to understand or communicate)
- Visual hallucinations
- Tremors or muscle stiffness
- Falling (balance problems)
- Mood changes
- Sleep disturbances such as vivid dreams, sleeping too much or too little
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to speak with your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression of the disease and improve quality of life.
Common Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia
Lewy body dementia (LBD) can affect a person in many different ways. The most common symptoms are changes in thinking, memory, behavior, and movement.
Changes in thinking, or cognitive symptoms, may include difficulty with concentration and attention, confusion, slower decision-making and processing of information, and problems with understanding language.
Memory loss is another common symptom of LBD, often causing difficulty in remembering recent events or conversations. Behavioral symptoms can range from general apathy and depression to more extreme outbursts of anger, agitation, and aggression.
Motor symptoms commonly seen in people living with LBD include tremors, muscle rigidity, slowed movement, shuffling gait, and falls.
Less Common Symptoms
Having a Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) diagnosis comes with a host of symptoms. While some are more common, there are also less common ones. These may include:
- Rigidity in the muscles and tremors
- Problems urinating
- Difficulties swallowing
- Progression of dementia is often slower than other forms
It's important to note that everyone is different, and symptoms can vary from person to person. It's best to speak with a doctor to get a comprehensive understanding of what you or your loved one can expect when living with LBD.
If you or a loved one has been displaying signs and symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia, it is important to seek medical advice from your doctor. Your doctor can arrange for relevant tests and evaluation to diagnose LBD and initiate treatment.
A. Diagnostic Tests
Your doctor may request further tests to help in the diagnosis process. These tests may include:
- Brain scans - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans are used to assess brain activity and detect any abnormalities.
- Neuropsychological testing - This involves memory and problem-solving tests to assess cognitive abilities.
- Cerebrospinal fluid analysis - This is done to test for protein levels, which can indicate the presence of certain diseases.
B. Specialist Diagnosis
If your doctor suspects LBD, you may be referred to a specialist, such as a geriatrician, neurologist, or psychiatrist, for further assessment and diagnosis. They may recommend additional tests, or a thorough review of your medical history.
When diagnosing Lewy body dementia, medical professionals must rule out other conditions that share similar symptoms. Diagnostic tests are used to determine the underlying cause of dementia and help accurately diagnose LBD.
Common screening tests include physical exams, mental status examinations, blood tests, brain scans, and neuropsychological tests. Physical exams can help diagnose other medical conditions that may be contributing to dementia-like symptoms. Mental status examinations assess a person’s ability to think, recall information, solve problems, and handle day-to-day activities. Blood tests allow doctors to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms such as thyroid disorders.
Brain scans, such as computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests, help locate areas of damage or disease in the brain. Neuropsychological testing assesses a person’s ability to remember, pay attention, and problem-solve. It also helps to measure the cognitive abilities that have been impaired due to the dementia.
Diagnosing Lewy body dementia (LBD) is complex and requires specialized expertise. A medical professional, usually a neurologist, will diagnose LBD by examining your medical history, performing neurological tests, and conducting a physical exam. They may also order imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan to rule out other conditions.
Your doctor may also order a special type of brain scan called a DaT scan (dopamine transporter scan) to confirm the diagnosis. This scan can reveal the characteristic decrease in the density of dopamine transporters in people living with LBD.
Diagnostic testing can also include genetic testing to rule out other neurological conditions that can mimic the symptoms of LBD or have similar progression.
Effect on Day-to-Day Life
Living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can be difficult. Symptoms can affect a person’s day-to-day activities in a variety of ways, including difficulties in communication, memory loss and physical and motor issues.
Difficulties in Communication
People with LBD may experience difficulty speaking, understanding conversations or expressing themselves due to changes in their cognitive functions. They may have difficulty finding the right words and trouble forming sentences. People with LBD may also have difficulty understanding sarcasm or jokes.
Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia. This can include short term memory loss, such as forgetting recent events or conversations, as well as difficulty forming new memories. People affected by LBD may also struggle with spatial orientation, such as getting lost or disoriented in familiar places.
Physical and Motor Issues
People with LBD may experience problems with movement, balance and coordination. These issues can make it difficult for them to complete simple tasks such as walking, climbing stairs, brushing teeth or eating. They may also suffer from a lack of energy and find it hard to stay awake during the day.
Difficulties in Communication
People with Lewy body dementia often suffer from communication difficulties. They may have difficulty expressing themselves clearly and understanding what others are saying. This can cause feelings of frustration and misunderstanding, and can impact on their day-to-day life.
Many people with LBD find that they struggle to process new information and struggle to recall words or past events. This can make conversations difficult which can lead to more confusion and agitation.
They may also have difficulty controlling the volume of their voice or trouble remaining focused on a conversation. As the disease progresses, people with LBD may develop visual and auditory hallucinations, which can be distressing and can further contribute to communication difficulties.
It is important for carers to be patient, supportive, and flexible when communicating with someone with LBD. It is also beneficial to use simple language, repeat important information, and give them plenty of time to respond.
One of the most common symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) is difficulty with memory. People with LBD may experience confusion, disorientation, and memory loss, which can have a significant impact on the person’s daily functioning. This memory loss can make it difficult for the person to remember names, conversations, or other important information.
The memory loss associated with LBD can range from mild, such as forgetting the location of objects, to more severe, such as forgetting close family members. The memory loss may be short-term, such as forgetting what was said in a recent conversation, or long-term, such as forgetting details of events from the distant past. Memory loss that is caused by LBD is usually progressive over time.
It is important for caregivers to keep track of changes in memory so they can provide support and assistance to the person with LBD. Caregivers should also be aware of any safety risks that might arise due to memory loss, such as leaving the stove on or forgetting to take medication. Additionally, caregivers should strive to create a calm, supportive environment to help the person with LBD cope with the effects of memory loss.
Physical and Motor Issues
When someone has Lewy Body Dementia, they may experience physical and motor problems due to their condition. These can range from difficulty in controlling movements and speaking, to issues with balance and walking. People with LBD may also experience tremors, stiffness, and reduced coordination. These issues can make everyday activities like getting dressed or using utensils more difficult.
These motor issues can be managed, and many people with LBD find that the right medications and therapies can help to reduce stiffness and assist with the coordination of their movements. Physical and occupational therapy can also provide valuable support and help with the movement of daily tasks which can often be challenging for someone with LBD.
When it comes to treating Lewy Body Dementia (LBD), there is no single cure. However, the right treatment plan can help manage symptoms and provide a better quality of life for those affected.
The primary goals of treatment are to:
- Manage physical, mental, and behavioral symptoms
- Reduce restrictions on daily activities
- Support caregivers and provide them with resources
A combination of medications, physical and occupational therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy can help achieve these goals.
Medications can help manage symptoms like hallucinations, delusions, anxiety, depression, and problems with movement. These medications may include antipsychotics, antidepressants, and cholinesterase inhibitors. It is important to note that LBD medications can have serious side effects and should only be taken under the advice of a doctor.
Physical and occupational therapy can help compensate for mobility problems that can occur as a result of LBD. Physical therapists can recommend exercises that will improve strength, coordination, balance, and flexibility. Occupational therapists can provide strategies for maintaining independence in daily activities like dressing, bathing, and eating.
Cognitive behavioral therapy can help manage symptoms such as memory loss, confusion, and disorientation. This type of therapy is also beneficial in helping people develop strategies to cope with stress, fear, and anxiety.
Medications for Lewy Body Dementia
People with Lewy body dementia may be prescribed medications to help manage their symptoms. Some medications can help with cognitive symptoms, such as memory loss and confusion. Others can help with physical symptoms, such as movement disorders. As each person responds differently, medications must be carefully tailored to the individual needs of each person.
Common medications used to treat the symptoms of LBD may include:
- Antipsychotics, to help with delusions, hallucinations, and aggression
- Cholinesterase inhibitors, to help improve thinking, memory, and behavior
- Dopamine agonists, to help with motor issues such as tremors and stiffness
- Anti-anxiety medications, to help with anxiety, depression, and agitation
- Sedatives, to help with insomnia and restlessness
It is important to remember that medications may have side effects and should be used with caution. Always talk to your doctor before starting a new medication or changing an existing one.
Therapies to Improve Physical and Mental Functioning
Physical and occupational therapy (PT/OT) are important components to consider when managing the symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia (LBD). These therapies can help ensure that patients maintain or regain as much physical and mental functioning as possible and provide assistance with activities of daily living. This type of therapy is especially important for people who are in the later stages of LBD.
Physical therapy can help improve neuromuscular coordination, balance, flexibility, and strength. This type of therapy may also target motor difficulties such as shuffling gait, limb rigidity, and poor posture. Occupational therapy focuses on activities of daily living, such as dressing, bathing, and grooming. It can also address cognitive and perceptual issues and help improve communication skills. Being able to participate in more activities helps to maintain quality of life, even in the later stages of LBD.
In addition, physical and occupational therapy can help caregivers learn techniques to effectively assist the person with LBD. This can include learning how to handle and position the person correctly, as well as how to modify their environment to make it safer and more accessible. Caregivers can also benefit from strategies to manage behaviours and maintain a positive attitude.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that is used to help people with various mental health issues, including Lewy Body Dementia. CBT helps individuals identify and change negative or unhelpful thought patterns, behaviors, and emotions. During CBT, the therapist helps the individual identify their triggers and adjust their thoughts and behavior to better cope with them.
CBT may help an individual with LBD manage symptoms like anxiety, depression, delusions, and memory loss. It can also help to reduce stress and promote behavioral, emotional, and cognitive functioning. Additionally, research shows that CBT may help slow the progression of the disease.
CBT typically involves talking through issues and exploring emotions in a supportive environment. The therapist helps the individual develop new ways of approaching and responding to situations. Treatment may last anywhere from a few weeks to several months. Each session usually lasts 45-60 minutes.
For many caregivers, caring for a loved one with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can be challenging and overwhelming. It is important to recognize that caregiving has both physical and emotional implications that must be addressed in order to care for oneself while providing quality care. Knowing what to expect from LBD, as well as what resources are available, can help caregivers better understand how to provide care.
Caring for Someone with LBD
When caring for someone with LBD, it is important to be aware of the person’s individual needs and circumstances. It is also important to be aware of the potential changes in the individual’s symptoms over time. This will often involve adjusting the care plan and approach.
The following tips can help caregivers provide effective and compassionate care:
- Allow the person with LBD to make decisions when possible.
- Encourage the person to take part in activities he or she enjoys.
- Create a safe and familiar environment.
- Use calming techniques such as music or massage.
- Be patient and understanding.
- Plan for periods of rest and relaxation.
It is important for caregivers to be aware of their own needs while caring for someone with LBD. Caregivers must find ways to take care of themselves so they can provide the best possible care. This may include seeking counseling or support from family and friends. Additionally, it is important to remember to eat healthy, exercise, and take time for yourself.
Resources for Caregivers
There are numerous resources available online and in communities to help caregivers with their roles. Many organizations offer support groups and education programs specifically for caregivers. Organizations such as the Alzheimer’s Association and the Lewy Body Dementia Association offer comprehensive information on how to best provide care, funding resources, and support opportunities. Additionally, local and state governments may have programs and services to assist individuals with LBD and their caregivers.
In addition to these resources, there are applications and devices available that can facilitate caregiving and provide greater peace of mind. These may include GPS trackers, door sensors, medication monitoring systems, and home security systems.
Caring for someone with LBD can be difficult, but the right support can make a world of difference. With the correct resources and support systems, caregivers can help ensure that their loved one is receiving the best possible care.
Caring for Someone with Lewy Body Dementia
If you are a caregiver for someone with LBD, you may feel overwhelmed. It is important to remember that you are not alone in this journey. Taking care of someone with this disease can be difficult but there are many resources available to help manage the situation.
Here are some tips for caring for someone with Lewy Body Dementia:
- Stay informed about LBD and its management.
- Create a support system of people who can help you with tasks like appointments and errands.
- Develop a daily schedule and routine that will help the person stay on track.
- Provide a safe environment with few distractions.
- Help the person stay organized and provide reminders when needed.
- Encourage independence when possible, but provide support when necessary.
- Be patient and supportive when communicating with the person.
- Encourage activities that involve physical exercise, social interaction, creativity, and intellectual stimulation.
Caring for someone with LBD can be challenging, but it can also be rewarding. With the right resources and support, you can make a big difference in the life of someone with this condition.
Resources for Caregivers
When caring for someone with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD), it is important to have access to resources that will help. There are many organizations and support groups available to caregivers of those with LBD, providing advice, support, and community.
The Lewy Body Dementia Association provides information about the condition and specializes in connecting caregivers to resources that will help them in their caregiving journey. Other organizations, such as Alzheimers UK, can provide guidance and support, as well as sharing experiences from other caregivers.
Support groups are excellent resources for caregivers of those with LBD, especially if they are feeling overwhelmed or alone in their caregiving role. These groups provide caregivers with an opportunity to connect with others who understand the unique challenges that come with providing care for someone with LBD.
It is also important to remember that self-care is essential for caregivers. Taking time for yourself, whether it be engaging in a hobby, going for a walk, or spending time with friends, can help prevent burnout.
Living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can be a challenge, but there are strategies available to help manage its effects. Caring for yourself and finding support is key to staying healthy and engaged with life.
Below are some coping strategies that may help someone living with LBD:
- Mild Cognitive Impairment Action Plans: These plans can help you stay as independent as possible by helping you understand your abilities and limitations and plan out activities accordingly.
- Support Groups: Connecting with a support group can be an invaluable source of information, insight, and emotional support.
- Stress Management: Stress can make it difficult to manage the symptoms of LBD, so it’s important to find ways to relax and reduce stress levels.
It can also be beneficial to keep a journal where you track how you are feeling and the coping strategies that work for you. This can help you stay positive and focused on self-care.
Mild Cognitive Impairment Action Plans
Living with Lewy body dementia can be a difficult and complicated experience for those diagnosed and their caregivers. One way of helping to manage the condition is to create an action plan that outlines specific techniques to manage mild cognitive impairment.
An action plan should be adapted to suit individual needs and should have input from the individual affected and their caregivers. A plan should include setting realistic goals and practical steps to help the individual stay on track. For example, setting positive goals such as motivating the individual to remain socially active and achieve tasks that are not too difficult, can be beneficial.
- Making lists of activities or small tasks that the individual can do in order to stay engaged and interested.
- Creating a schedule that allows for regular breaks during daily activities.
- Having conversations or activities that are designed to stimulate mental functions.
- Planning regular outings to places that the individual enjoys and feels comfortable, such as parks, cafes or museums.
- Staying physically active through regular exercise.
- Following a healthy diet that includes nutrient-rich food.
- Joining support groups or classes.
- Maintaining relationships with family and friends.
These types of strategies can help to improve an individual's quality of life and provide them with activities that they may find enjoyable. They also allow caregivers to be more aware of how the individual is managing their condition on a daily basis and provides them with an opportunity to offer assistance, if needed.
If you or a loved one is living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD), you may find it helpful to connect with others who are also living with the condition. Support groups are a great way to share your experiences and find emotional support from people with similar experiences.
There are many national and local organizations dedicated to supporting those living with Lewy Body Dementia and their caregivers. These organizations often host regular meetings where you can discuss issues related to LBD and access resources, advice and support.
Connecting with others in a support group can be especially beneficial for caregivers. Caring for someone with LBD can be a difficult and draining experience, and it’s important to have a supportive community to turn to when needed.
If there are no LBD-specific support groups in your area, there may be other dementia-specific support options available. It’s also possible to find online support groups on websites and social media.
Living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can often be a stressful experience for the person affected as well as for family and caregivers. It's important to be aware of the risk of stress and how to manage it in order to maintain a good quality of life.
Stress can arise from the day-to-day difficulties that come with LBD such as memory loss, communication difficulties, or physical and motor issues. It's also common to experience stress related to the diagnosis of LBD itself, such as worrying about the future of the person affected, or feeling overwhelmed by the changes to daily life that the diagnosis may bring.
It is important to take steps to manage stress in order to protect both physical and mental health. There are many ways to do this, including:
- Talking to family, friends, professionals, and other caregivers for support
- Taking regular breaks and time away from caregiving responsibilities
- Making use of respite services
- Connecting with support groups
- Practicing mindfulness, yoga, or other relaxation techniques
- Getting regular exercise
- Engaging in activities that bring joy
Managing stress can help to improve the quality of life for both the person affected by LBD and their caregivers. It is important to remember that everyone's experience with LBD is different and to find what works best for each individual situation.
Lewy body dementia can be a difficult condition to diagnose and it is often hard to predict its progress as it can vary from person to person. There is currently no cure for LBD, but the earlier it is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome for those living with the condition.
Living with LBD can have a great impact on quality of life. While there is no exact timeline for the progression of the disease, those with LBD typically experience gradual physical and mental decline and can require increasing levels of care over time.
The average life expectancy for someone with LBD is roughly five to seven years, though some people have lived up to fifteen years after diagnosis. As no two cases are exactly alike, there isn't one definitive answer when it comes to prognosis. However, with proper treatment, people with LBD can experience an improved quality of life and meaningful moments throughout their journey.
When someone receives a diagnosis of Lewy Body Dementia, it can be difficult to get an exact prognosis for their life expectancy. While each person's experience is unique, studies suggest that the lifespan of someone with LBD is around seven to eight years after diagnosis. It is important to note that many individuals with LBD live longer with appropriate treatments and care.
It is also common for symptoms to progress over time as the disease progresses. Some individuals may experience more rapid decline in cognitive abilities and physical functioning, while others may experience a slower decline. It is important to keep in mind that no two cases of LBD are alike, and life expectancy can vary greatly from person to person.
Planning for the Future
When living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD), planning for the future is important, both for the patient and their family members or carers. This is especially true in cases where the disease progresses quickly, as the patient may need additional support and more intensive care. People living with LBD should look into getting a long-term care insurance plan, and ensure that they have appropriate legal documents in place, such as a living will.
Family members should also consider the future and start making plans for when the patient's condition worsens or if it’s time to reach out for further help. This could include looking into home health care services, long-term care facilities, and hospice care. It can also help to find a local support group for both the patient and other family members.
Having an action plan in place and making sure that all family members are aware of it can help to give everyone some peace of mind. it is also important to make sure that all involved parties are on the same page and have access to the necessary resources and information.
Lewy body dementia is a challenging condition that can be difficult to diagnose and manage. It can affect many aspects of day-to-day life, including physical abilities, communication, and memory. With the right treatment and care, those living with LBD can still live full and meaningful lives.
It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of LBD, and to seek diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. There are several treatments available, such as medications, physical and occupational therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy, and support for caregivers is also available through resources and support groups.
Finally, it is important to maintain a positive outlook despite the challenges posed by LBD. There is hope and progress being made towards understanding this condition, and new treatments are being developed all the time. With the right attitude and support, those living with LBD can live happy, meaningful lives.
Summarizing the Important Points
Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) is a complex neurological illness that can affect physical, cognitive, and psychological ability of those affected. Understanding the signs and symptoms of LBD is essential to early diagnosis and help the patient experience a better quality of life. Early signs of LBD include disturbances in gait, balance, memory loss, sleep patterns, and visual hallucinations. Common symptoms of LBD include difficulty with speech, slowed movement, acting out dream behaviours, increased sensitivity to medications, depression, and anxiety. Less common symptoms include urinary problems, falls, altered senses, and incontinence.
Diagnosing LBD requires consulting a specialist who may recommend physical and neuropsychological tests along with medical imaging. Treatment for LBD consists of medications, physical and occupational therapy, and cognitive behavioural therapy. Caregiver support is an important factor in managing the symptoms of LBD and understanding the available resources is key. Other coping strategies include mild cognitive impairment action plans, support groups, and stress management. It is important to plan for the future while dealing with LBD, as it can reduce unexpected surprises.
Celebrating Hope and Progress
Living with Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can be challenging, but it is important to remember that there is always hope. Despite the various difficulties associated with living with LBD, there have been significant advances in the medical research and treatments available for those affected. For example, medications such as antipsychotics and cholinesterase inhibitors can help manage symptoms, while physical and occupational therapies can help lessen the impact of the disease on day-to-day life.
At the same time, more and more support groups and resources are available for caregivers and patients alike. These can be an invaluable source of information, advice, and emotional support. Additionally, there are now more options than ever before for planning for the future. These include ensuring that legal documents, such as a power of attorney and end-of-life directives, are in place.
By understanding the symptoms of LBD and how to best cope with the disease, it is possible to remain hopeful and positive. With the right diagnosis, treatment, and support, those affected by LBD can continue to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives.